These resources provide general cultural information, while recognizing that every family is unique and that cultural practices will vary by household and by generation. CDC Refugee Health Profiles These refugee health profiles provide key health and cultural information for specific refugee groups resettling in the United States. Each profile has six components: The countries currently with profiles include:
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Tell me if you would like a link back to a URL, as these scholars have. Most cultures exhibit a particular configuration or style. A single value or pattern of perceiving the world often leaves its stamp on several institutions in the society.
Examples are "machismo" in Spanish-influenced cultures, "face" in Japanese culture, and "pollution by females" in some highland New Guinea cultures. Here Horace Miner demonstrates that "attitudes about the body" have a pervasive influence on many institutions in Nacirema society.
In fact, if all of the logically possible combinations of behavior have not been found somewhere in the world, he is apt to suspect that they must be present in some yet undescribed tribe.
The point has, in fact, been expressed with respect to clan organization by Murdock Little is known of their origin, although tradition states that they came from the east While much of the people's time is devoted to economic pursuits, a large part of the fruits of these labors and a considerable portion of the day are spent in ritual activity.
The focus of this activity is the human body, the appearance and health of which loom as a dominant concern in the ethos of the people. While such a concern is certainly not unusual, its ceremonial aspects and associated philosophy are unique.
Incarcerated in such a body, man's only hope is to avert these characteristics through the use of ritual and ceremony.
Every household has one or more shrines devoted to this purpose. The more powerful individuals in the society have several shrines in their houses and, in fact, the opulence of a house is often referred to in terms of the number of such ritual centers it possesses.
Most houses are of wattle and daub construction, but the shrine rooms of the more wealthy are walled with stone. Poorer families imitate the rich by applying pottery plaques to their shrine walls. The rites are normally only discussed with children, and then only during the period when they are being initiated into these mysteries.
In this chest are kept the many charms and magical potions without which no native believes he could live.
These preparations are secured from a variety of specialized practitioners. The most powerful of these are the medicine men, whose assistance must be rewarded with substantial gifts. However, the medicine men do not provide the curative potions for their clients, but decide what the ingredients should be and then write them down in an ancient and secret language.
This writing is understood only by the medicine men and by the herbalists who, for another gift, provide the required charm. As these magical materials are specific for certain ills, and the real or imagined maladies of the people are many, the charm-box is usually full to overflowing.
The magical packets are so numerous that people forget what their purposes were and fear to use them again. While the natives are very vague on this point, we can only assume that the idea in retaining all the old magical materials is that their presence in the charm-box, before which the body rituals are conducted, will in some way protect the worshiper.Ten Ideas for Providing School-Wide Support to Students with Interrupted Formal Education.
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