The three phases of human history according to western liberal scholars

Definition and Outline Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon.

The three phases of human history according to western liberal scholars

Would you like to merge this question into it? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question. Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it? MERGE exists and is an alternate of. In the 18th century, there were about fourteen major kingdoms in the South Western Part of Nigeria.

Yoruba myths trace their origin to Ile-Ife, an important town in Osun State. Other theories regarding their origin point to Makkah and Upper Egypt as their point of departure and the second millenium B.

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C as the period of their migration to Ile Ife Coleman, That the Yoruba came from Makkah was confirmed by the fact that they traced their progeny to Lamurudu, which has the same pronunciation with Namruth in Arabic. However, some scholars have refuted that the Yoruba came from Makkah.

Commenting on this, an historian says: The Yorubas are certainly not of the Arabian Family, and could not have come from Mecca…that is to say the Mecca unviersally known in history….

And no such account as above are found in the records of Arabian writers of any king of Mecca; an event of such importance could hardly have passed unnoticed by their historians.

The Yorubas came originally from the East, there can not be any slightest doubt, as their habits, manners and customs etc, all go to approve. With them the East is Mecca and Mecca is the East….

The actual date of introduction of Islam to South Western Nigeria is unknown. However, Balogun has confirmed that Islam made headway into the land for the first time around the second half of the eleventh century by the Murabitun mistakenly taken by some historians as Hausas.

The nomenclature "Imale" given to Islam in the south-western Nigeria gives the impression that the religion came from Mali and spread by the Murabitun whom they believed to be Malians. This confirms the submission of Al-Aluri that Islam made its appearance in Yorubaland in the 13th century during the tenure of Mansa Musa of Mali.

Danmole also claimed to have come accross some Muslims in Oke-Imale Ilorin who claimed that their ancestors came from Mali to settle in the town. He however doubted the authenticity of this claim since it was not possible that these Ilorin Muslims were descendants of Wangara lineages which traced their origin to old Mali: Since a lot has been said and written on Islam in some states of the South Western Nigeria, this paper does not intend to recapitulate this.

Chapter One: A Closed Utopia?

Our focus is to examine the various phases of development that Muslim education in this geographical delineation have undergone and the level of reforms in the Muslim education in the land right from the pre-colonial era to the post colonial era.

As it was impossible to carry out some religious rituals without reading in Arabic, it became expedient for the Mallams spreading the religion to teach the new converts some portions of the Qur'an in Arabic and this attempt culminated in the establishment of Qur'anic schools in the area.

The three phases of human history according to western liberal scholars

Mosques were majorly used for this purpose, while in some cases residences of the mallams as well as tree shades were used as schools. The venues of the schools suggested why educational facilities that could aid teaching and learning were totally inadequate.

Mats and ram or cow skin were the common furniture in such schools. The only recommended text by then was Qaidat Baghdadiyyah-an Arabic text for beginners which contains Arabic alphabets in various forms as well as the last juz'u of the Qur'an.

It is after the completion of this text that pupils could move to learn the whole Qur'an. Generally speaking, learning was by rote-a method, which is indispensable in learning any langauge.

The school calendar was holiday free as the school was in session throughout the year with the exception of Thursdays, Fridays, Salah days and at times in Ramadan.

The school programme was in no way disrupted by any persistent strike or closure and so there was uninterrupted academic session except when the Mallam was bereaved, fell sick or travelled.

There was intermittent organization of feasts to mark the gradual movement of students from short chapters of the Qur'an to longer ones. This method was used to encourage lazy students to sit up. As such, on getting to chapter suratul-fila fowl feast is made. On chapter 96 suratul 'Alaq cooked beans and Eko are prepared.

On chapter 87 suratul-a'laa fowl feast is made. On reaching chapter 55 suratur-Rahmana he-goat feast in made. On chapter 36 suratu-yasina ram is slaughtered and finally on the completion of the whole Qur'an, an elaborate feast where a cow in slaughtered is organised Nasiru, After the successful completion of the Qur'an, the pupil moves to the learning of aspect of Fiqh through the use of such fiqh books as al-Akhdari, al-Ashmawi, Muqadimatul 'Iziyyah, Risala and Mukhtasarul-Khalil all written by expert calligraphists.

The consciousness of the Muslims in the issue of giving their children and wards Islamic education led to the problem of manpower in most of the Islamic schools. As such, the teacher had to attend to quite a good number of students of different level and background at the same time.

This usually made the class rowdy and lazy students could not be easily identified. The rate of development of Muslim education in the South Western Nigeria was not as fast as that of Borno and Hausaland.

Balogun advances two reasons for this, namely, lack of direct trade link with the Arab world and the geography of the area which by its density was frightful for strangers to penetrate.A.N. Whitehead somewhere remarked that the history of Western philosophy is nothing but a series of footnotes to Plato, and if the Meno and the Laws are added to the Republic, the same is true of the history of educational thought and of philosophy of education in particular.

At various points throughout this essay the discussion shall . This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .

Søren Kierkegaard: Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, theologian, and cultural critic who was a major influence on existentialism and Protestant theology in the 20th century. He attacked the literary, philosophical, and ecclesiastical establishments of his day for misrepresenting the highest task of human three stages on life’s way.

1 Human Rights in Western Liberal Thinking popular, and in particular amongst Western scholars that the theory of human rights has been most clearly articulated.

While it may not be correct to say that the West ‘invented’ the notion of human According to the benefit school, a right can. Course Area: History Designations: Statewide Core This course surveys the United States from the end of the Civil War to the present with emphasis on social, .

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