The discovery and composition of the compound buckminsterfullerene

Only hydrogenheliumoxygenneonand nitrogen are atomically more abundant in the cosmos than carbon. In the crust of Earth, elemental carbon is a minor component. However, carbon compounds i.

The discovery and composition of the compound buckminsterfullerene

The archetypal example is C60 fullerene, where the atoms and bonds delineate a truncated icosahedron.

Properties and uses

The term has been broadened to include any closed cage structure consisting entirely of three-coordinate carbon atoms. Their discovery lead to a Nobel Prize in The serendipitous discovery took place during experiments involving a cluster beam which uses a laser to vaporise a graphite rod in a helium atmosphere to produce carbon plasmas.

The research was aimed at characterizing unidentified interstellar matter. Mass spectrometry evidence from these experiments indicated that carbon molecules with C60 atoms were forming, with a spheroidal geometry being most likely.

Production efficiencies were claimed to me much higher then those produced using the cluster beam. These same structures are also known as Buckyballs or fullerenes.

Potential applications of fullerenes

Buckminsterfullerene is the third allotrope of carbon along with graphite and diamond. Since their discovery, Buckyballs have become such a hot topic of research that they have spawned their own branch of chemistry. Structure The basic C60 structure consists of 60 carbon atoms that link together to form a hollow cage-like structure.

The structure consists of 32 faces of which 20 are hexagons and 12 are pentagons. Of these, no two pentagons share a vertex. A similar structure has been used to make soccer balls, in particular the Telstar supplied by Adidas and used in the and World Cups.

The discovery and composition of the compound buckminsterfullerene

They are closely related to carbon nanotubes or buckytubes which have a cylindrical structure.Chemistry and society. For the first two-thirds of the 20th century, chemistry was seen by many as the science of the future. The potential of chemical products for enriching society appeared to be unlimited.

Buckminsterfullerene Before the reported synthesis of buckminsterfullerene, the known allotropic forms of carbon were two crystalline forms (diamond and graphite) and the amorphous forms, charcoal, carbon, and coke, all of .

Buckminsterfullerene is the largest object observed to exhibit wave–particle duality; theoretically every object exhibits this behavior.

The compound is stable, withstanding high temperatures and high mass: g·mol−1. Once in a while there are discoveries of compounds which surprise the scientific community.

In such a discovery took place; it was the discovery of the compound named Buckminsterfullerene. The compound was the first of its kind: a big atom molecule resembling a soccer ball, composed of carbon, and arranged in a perfect . Buckminsterfullerene is a type of fullerene with the formula C It has a cage-like fused-ring structure (truncated icosahedron) that resembles a soccer ball (football), made of twenty hexagons and twelve pentagons, with a carbon atom at each vertex of each polygon and a bond along each polygon schwenkreis.comnsterfullerene is the third newly discovered allotrope of carbon which has 60 atoms in.

This class of carbon compounds was as different from previously described carbon compounds as the carbon compound coal is from the carbon compound diamond.

The fullerenes formed a curved membrane which was one atom thick.

Cosmic ray - Wikipedia