Football

Play media Men kicking footballs The various codes of football share certain common elements and can be grouped into two main classes of football: A clearly defined area in which to play the game. Scoring goals or points by moving the ball to an opposing team's end of the field and either into a goal area, or over a line. Goals or points resulting from players putting the ball between two goalposts.

Football

Play media Men kicking footballs The various codes of football share certain common elements and can be grouped into two main classes of football: A clearly defined area in which to play the game. Goals or points resulting from players putting the ball between two goalposts. The goal or line being defended by the opposing team.

Players being required to move the ball—depending on the code—by kicking, carrying, or hand-passing the ball. Players using only their body to move the ball. In all codes, common skills include passingtacklingevasion of tackles, catching and kicking. Football word There are conflicting explanations of the origin of the word "football".

It is widely assumed that the word "football" or the phrase "foot ball" refers to the action of the foot kicking a ball. There is no conclusive evidence for either explanation.

In kemari several people stand in a circle and kick a ball to each other, trying not to let the ball drop to the ground much like keepie uppie. The Ancient Greeks and Romans are known to have played many ball games, some of which involved the use of the feet.

These games appear to have resembled rugby football. Roman ball games already knew the air-filled ball, the follis. For example, inmen from a ship commanded by an English explorer named John Davis Football, went ashore to play a form of football with Inuit Eskimo people in Greenland.

The earliest historical account is an anecdote from the book by Robert Brough-SmythThe Aborigines of Victoria, in which a man called Richard Thomas is quoted as saying, in about in Victoria, Australiathat he had witnessed Aboriginal people playing the game: Northeastern American Indians, especially the Iroquois Confederation, played a game which made use of net racquets to throw and catch a small ball; however, although it is a ball-goal foot game, lacrosse as its modern descendant is called is likewise not usually classed as a form of "football.

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However, the main sources of modern football codes appear to lie in western Europe, especially England. Ancient Greek football player balancing the ball.

A Song dynasty painting by Su Hanchen c. Paint of a Mesoamerican ballgame player of the Tepantitla murals in Teotihuacan. A revived version of kemari being played at the Tanzan ShrineJapan. An illustration from the s of Australian Aboriginal hunter gatherers. Children in the background are playing a football game, possibly Woggabaliri.

Medieval and early modern Europe Further information: Medieval football The Middle Ages saw a huge rise in popularity of annual Shrovetide football matches throughout Europe, particularly in England. An early reference to a ball game played in Britain comes from the 9th century Historia Brittonumwhich describes "a party of boys The first detailed description of what was almost certainly football in England was given by William FitzStephen in about — He described the activities of London youths during the annual festival of Shrove Tuesday: After lunch all the youth of the city go out into the fields to take part in a ball game.

The students of each school have their own ball; the workers from each city craft are also carrying their balls.

Older citizens, fathers, and wealthy citizens come on horseback to watch their juniors competing, and to relive their own youth vicariously: This reinforces the idea that the games played at the time did not necessarily involve a ball being kicked.

An early reference to a ball game that was probably football comes from at UlghamNorthumberland, England: A game known as "football" was played in Scotland as early as the 15th century: There is evidence for schoolboys playing a "football" ball game in Aberdeen in some references cite which is notable as an early allusion to what some have considered to be passing the ball.

The word "pass" in the most recent translation is derived from "huc percute" strike it here and later "repercute pilam" strike the ball again in the original Latin. It is not certain that the ball was being struck between members of the same team. The original word translated as "goal" is "metum", literally meaning the "pillar at each end of the circus course" in a Roman chariot race.W.

Football

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