Although these many city-states vied with one another for control of land and resources, they also banded together to defend themselves from foreign invasion. Twice at the beginning of the fifth century B. Battle of Thermopylae Under Xerxes I, the Persian army moved south through Greece on the eastern coast, accompanied by the Persian navy moving parallel to the shore.
Who were the Persians? The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India.
The Greeks were made up of a number of city-states such as Sparta and Athens. Typically these city-states fought each other, but they united to fight against the Persians.
Ionians The Ionians were Greeks that lived along the coast of Turkey. They were conquered by the Persians. When the Ionians decided to revolt they asked Athens and other Greek cities for help. The other Greek cities sent ships and weapons, but were quickly defeated.
The Persians didn't like this and decided to conquer the rest of the Greek cities in order to keep them under control. He gathered a vast army of soldiers that outnumbered any army the Greeks could muster. They boarded the Persian fleet and headed to Greece. The Persians had a lot more soldiers, but they underestimated the fighting capability of the Greeks.
The army of Athens routed the Persian army killing around 6, Persians and only losing Greeks. After the battle, the Athenian army ran the 25 miles back to Athens in order to prevent the Persians from attacking the city. This is the origin of the Marathon running race. He amassed a huge army of oversoldiers and 1, warships.
They decided to meet the Persians at a narrow pass in the mountains called Thermopylae.
The Greeks held off the Persians killing thousands, until the Persians found a way around the mountains and got behind the Greeks. King Leonidas told most of his troops to flee, but stayed behind with a small force including his Spartans in order to allow the rest of the Greek army to escape.
The Spartans fought to the death, killing as many Persians as they could. Battle of Salamis The Persian army continued to march on Greece. When they arrived at the city of Athens, they found it deserted. The people of Athens had fled. The Athenian fleet, however, was waiting off the coast by the island of Salamis.
The much larger Persian fleet attacked the small Athenian ships. They were sure of victory. However, the Athenian ships, called triremes, were fast and maneuverable.
They rammed into the sides of the large Persian ships and sunk them. They soundly defeated the Persians causing Xerxes to retreat back to Persia. The Persian Empire would eventually be conquered by the Greeks under the leadership of Alexander the Great.
The movie is about the Spartans who fought at Thermopylae. Xerxes, king of Persia, had his golden throne carried along so he could watch the Greeks be defeated by his army from a nearby hillside.
He must have been pretty disappointed! Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.
For more about Ancient Greece:The Great Battle Of My Education “The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.” - Aristotle This quote changed my thinking about education, unfortunately it wasn’t until I was an adult that I considered it. From the beginning I never gave school much thought.
It was a musty place I was forced to schwenkreis.com Education. Women of the Sith. A movie about Sparta and the battle of Thermopylae BCE. It's very different from but it's still an enjoyable movie. He wasn't only a historian but Athenian general until he was ostracised.
|After Thermopylae - Paul Cartledge - Oxford University Press||The battle of Thermopylae in B. The hoplon was three feet in diameter and made out of wood that was often covered with beaten bronze.|
The Athenians could be incredibly volatile in schwenkreis.com · Victory over the 'Allied' Greek states (led by Sparta and Athens) at the Battle of Thermopylae allowed the Persians to torch Athens and overrun most of Greece Tyrant of Miletus, Aristagoras, embarked on an expedition to conquer the island of Naxos, with Persian support, but the expedition was a debacle and, pre-empting his dismissal schwenkreis.com /ancient-greece-athens-sparta-culture-society.
· Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae: Herodotus's Real History. Students may be familiar with this famous battle from its depiction in Zack Snyder's movie , based on Frank Miller's graphic schwenkreis.com this lesson students learn about the historical background to the battle and are asked to ponder some of its legacy, including how history is reported and interpreted from different schwenkreis.com Here on this map – here is the Battle of Artemisium in August, the Battle of Thermopylae, and down here Salamis.
Well, Thermistocles, in persuading the Athenians to evacuate their country and to go to Salamis and to prepare to fight schwenkreis.com://schwenkreis.com Trace major events of the battle at Thermopylae and understand the significance of the conflict.
Compare the leaders and the armies of the Greeks and the Persians and understand what they reveal about ancient Greek and Persian culture.